BRYANSK, Oriol district, Russia. Jews lived in the town in the 15th century but were expelled. Bryansk was outside the pale of settlement , and the community established there in the second half of the 19th century was made up of Jews who were permitted to live outside the Pale (discharged soldiers, registered merchants of the guilds, etc.). In 1896 they were authorized to maintain a synagogue and by 1897 the Jewish residents numbered 1,321. Pogroms occurred in Bryansk in October 1905. After the 1917 Revolution, the Jewish population increased, numbering 2,500 in 1926 (9.1% of the total) and 5,102 in 1939 (total population 87,490).The Germans occupied the city on October 6, 1941. The Jews who had not managed to escape were murdered in August 1942. After the war 7,500 bodies of Jews and gypsies were found in 14 graves. In 1970 it was estimated that between 4,000 and 6,000 Jews lived in the town. They had one synagogue but no rabbi. According to the 2002 Russian census the Jewish population of the entire Bryansk district, of which the city of Bryanski was the capital, was 2,344. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Die Judenpogrome in Russland, 2 (1909), 498–504. (Yehuda Slutsky)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bryansk — [brē änsk′; ] Russ [ bryänsk] city in W European Russia: pop. 460,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Bryansk — Infobox Russian city EnglishName = Bryansk RussianName = Брянск Skyline = Skyline LatDeg = 53 | LatMin = 15 | LatSec = 00 LonDeg = 34 | LonMin = 22 | LonSec = 00 Locator LocatorMap CityDay = September 17 FederalSubject = Bryansk Oblast MunStatus …   Wikipedia

  • Bryansk — Briansk Briansk Брянск …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bryansk — /bree ahnsk /; Russ. /brddyahnsk/, n. a city in the W Russian Federation, on the Desna River, SW of Moscow. 445,000. * * * ▪ Russia also spelled  Br ansk, or Briansk,         city and administrative centre of Bryansk oblast (province), western… …   Universalium

  • Bryansk — Original name in latin Bryansk Name in other language BZK, Briansk, Briask, Brjansk, Bryansk, beulyanseukeu, Брянск, Брјанск State code RU Continent/City Europe/Moscow longitude 53.25209 latitude 34.37167 altitude 206 Population 427236 Date 2013… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Bryansk — noun A city in Russia, administrative centre of Bryansk oblast …   Wiktionary

  • Bryansk — Sp Briánskas Ap Брянск/Bryansk L RF sr. centras …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Bryansk — geographical name city Russia in Europe SW of Moscow population 461,000 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Bryansk — Bry•ansk [[t]briˈɑnsk[/t]] n. geg a city in the W Russian Federation, on the Desna river, SW of Moscow. 445,000 …   From formal English to slang

  • Bryansk — /bree ahnsk /; Russ. /brddyahnsk/, n. a city in the W Russian Federation, on the Desna River, SW of Moscow. 445,000 …   Useful english dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.